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Baldness Alopecia

  1. Reasons
  2. Symptoms
  3. Diagnosis
  4. Treatment


blasina (Alopecia)

it is a pathological hair loss. More commonly involve the loss of hair on the head, but this is also true for the increased loss in other places on the eyebrows, eyelashes, pubic, beard. Normal daily lose up to 100 hairs.


  • symptomatic alopecia is the most favorable type of baldness, as with the disappearance of the causing reasons, the hair can recover. For this type of alopecia can list dozens of conditions and diseases that may be e cause
  • cicatricial alopecia develops as a result of the formation of scar tissue in place of skin with normal structure. Scars occur when the skin injuries or diseases
  • seborrheic alopecia, the cause of which is the eponymous disease. Seborrhea there even hair loss. Of course, to treat this type of baldness it is necessary to treat the underlying disease seborrhea
  • premature or androgenetica alopecia is characterized by premature loss of hair on the head. This affects young men and middle-aged men. Hair loss leads to complete or partial emergence of areas of alopecia. This kind of baldness rarely occurs in women (usually aged 50 years or more at an elevated level of testosterone). The leading role in the development of this condition is played by heredity in combination with the hormonal (DHT puts the follicles in resting phase)
  • alopecia areata is manifested by a continuous loss of hair in well-defined plot without signs of inflammation on him
  • alopecia areata is caused by disorders of the nervous system, hormonal dysfunction of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, sex glands, lesions of the pituitary gland. The impact of infectious factor is also considered as a possible cause of baldness. In the latter case, much attention is paid to chronic infections. The reason also believe genetic predisposition and defeat the hair follicles by the immune defense.


The most common causes of hair loss

  • endocrine disorders (thyroid disease)
  • stress
  • birth
  • rickets
  • acute infectious diseases
  • anemia
  • slimming
  • tuberculosis
  • radiation damage
  • worm infestation (children)
  • inflammatory skin diseases (eczema, herpes, or fungal disease). On the affected areas of the skin the hair falls out. When restoration of the skin is restored and the hair follicles. If the outcome of inflammation has been the formation of scar tissue, the hair will not grow.


Hair loss with premature baldness usually begins quietly, and then with a different speed in time, different for each person, there is a complete baldness of the head. The forehead and the parietal region bald in the first place.

The hair follicles of these zones in contrast to the edges of the scalp are most sensitive to the adverse effects of DHT. Therefore, the spread of baldness the hair can be maintained only at the edges of the scalp.

Change the appearance of the skin, it becomes thin, smooth and the openings of the follicles are barely visible.

This type of baldness is considered to be irreversible, the growth of hair is not restored. However, the use of restorative products, vitamins, special shampoos for baldness can slow down this process.

Symptomatic alopecia manifests itself as a uniform loss of hair especially when combing or shampooing.

Symptoms of alopecia areata appear suddenly. Observed at different ages, but what is important, often affect young people and middle aged people.

The lesions are round or oval in shape, clearly defined edges and a modified leather, which at first still visible openings of hair follicles, and then gradually smoothed. Lesions can be single or multiple. They often occur on the head.

Disease duration was different – a few months or years.

Marked atypical forms of alopecia areata, which include cutting the form of atrophic (pseudopelade) and nefroticescoy form.


Diagnosis of alopecia does not cause difficulties, as is characteristic symptoms.

The lack of skin atrophy excludes the pseudopelade and cicatricial alopecia.

Shearers in the form of alopecia areata, in which hair break off, the mushrooms in them are not detected. This distinguishes it from trichophytosis and microsporia.

To determine the cause is necessary to conduct additional researches (the General analysis of blood, biochemical analysis of blood, analysis of blood on hormones, feces on eggs of worms).

The amount of research determined by the dermatologist depending on the preliminary diagnosis, the need for differential diagnosis.

Also, the dermatologist directs the specialist, such as endocrinologist, neurologist, infectious disease. It is necessary for a proper understanding of the causes of the pathology and treatment.


  • to stop hair loss it is necessary to treat

    simultaneously with treatment of the underlying disease

  • as soon as the alopecia, the treatment is a tincture of Cayenne pepper, which you can buy at the pharmacy. It is necessary to RUB it once at night in the foci of alopecia
  • if the initial signs of baldness could not be stopped and alopecia areata increases, good effect treatment brings herbs. In this case, dermatologists recommend to take 1 tablespoon of nettle leaves and mother-and-stepmother, pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, put in a dark place. After 24 hours you can use the infusion to RUB a soft toothbrush in the foci of alopecia
  • in addition, applied physiotherapy. Darsonvalization improves the blood circulation of the scalp and thus stimulates the activity of the hair follicle (papilla)
  • the use of drugs containing vitamins and minerals, helps to strengthen the body and hair growth
  • special medication (hormonal drugs such as diprospan) if necessary, prescribed by a doctor
  • in addition, modern medicine offers methods for restoring the hair, such as transplantation (transplantation) hair.

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Hair loss is an unpleasant and insidious process that can affect anyone. How to identify the problem, restore hair’s natural beauty and how long simt treatment with service DOC.UA shares trichologist clinic Dermatology plus Ekaterina Voloshina