- The causes of the disease
- The symptoms of rubella in adults
- Treatment of rubella in adults
- Prevention of the disease
In order to understand how to deal with the disease, it is necessary, first, to understand the reasons why it occurs in the body and what the signs show. Detailed consideration of these factors will be given in this article.
The causes of the disease
As in the case of most infectious diseases, the main cause of rubella is the penetration in the human organism-the pathogen. In the case of this type of illness, the causative agent is a virus belonging to the togaviridae group.
Transmitted the disease, which became a classic for this group of diseases, airborne droplets by direct contact with an infected person. Togavirus, as the pathogen is active and lives only in the human body, once in the environment, it quickly dies.
The symptoms of rubella in adults
Due to the fact that this disease is very easily transmitted, it is extremely important to know about what it looks like rubella adult patients, in order to prevent the spread of infection. As a rule, before rubella in adults is manifested by the symptoms, is quite a long period of time. The incubation period of a disease such as German measles in adults can last from two to three weeks. Thus, a person infected with the virus becomes dangerous to others almost immediately after the fact of infection, which often leads to mass lose patients.
Symptoms manifestations of the disease can be divided into two groups, including General infectious and specific features. As the first signs of the disease, as a rule, are common infectious.
The first signs of rubella in adults
General for all infectious diseases, the symptoms include
- General malaise of the body
- a significant (but brief) increase in body temperature
- chills and joint pain
The manifestation of these symptoms may continue for from 12 hours to three days. After a specified period of time, to a common infectious manifestations of the disease are connected specific.
Specific symptoms of the disease
The so-called second cycle of the disease occurs, the most in three days after symptoms appear. As is clear from the name of the disease, the main specific manifestation of rubella is a rash on the patient’s body.
When shown special signs of rubella in adults, the skin of the sick person, covered with small rash pink. Gradually, over time, the color of the rash may vary to a dark red.
It is known that a number of infectious diseases among their characteristics, also contains this feature, as rash. The hallmark that looks like rubella, are the individual elements of the rash. They can spread on the surface of the skin of the whole body and, unlike measles and meningitis are not merged together into one education (the difference is measles German measles in adults). The rash of rubella does not leave after getting rid of the disease of pigmentation, peeling or scars on the skin, like chickenpox.
In addition, a disease like rubella, shows its specific symptoms gradually. In other words, the rash of the disease, usually first striking in face and neck, and only a few days may occur on the back, abdomen, buttocks and limbs of the patient.
As a rule, in one area the rash lasts for a short time. Then she disappears and appears in other areas of the skin.
For the second cycle, rubella and other distinctive signs. So, for example, the list of what the symptoms of rubella, in addition to lesions on the skin, included a significant increase in lymph nodes in the neck and submandibular and cervical lymph nodes.
Treatment of rubella in adults
The treatment of such diseases as rubella, developing in adults, and its symptoms are closely linked. Depending on what the symptoms of the disease, in addition to specific, observed in a patient is prescribed a course of drugs.
Among the obligatory recommendations about how to treat rubella in adults include
- bed rest
- a balanced diet, rich in vitamins
- drink plenty of liquids.
The patient can be administered anti-fever medications, but usually the disease is fairly quickly, and there is urgent need. In addition to medications, patient assigned vitamin complexes that help to restore vitality. And the immunity developed as a result of the togaviridae, in the course of transfer of the disease, protects the body for a significant period of time.
Prevention of the disease
The body’s immunity to the togaviridae produced after one transfer of the disease. However, despite the apparent ease in treating the disease, it can bear heavy consequences, both for children and for adults. For this reason, the national immunization schedules, as preventive measures included vaccination against rubella done also and adult patients.
For vaccination, use the vaccine, both domestic and foreign production. And all domestic and foreign drugs used to prevent the occurrence of such diseases as rubella, are based on weakened viruses of these diseases.
These drugs are capable of causing disease and to create a sustainable protective immune response against the infections. The vaccine is usually administered subcutaneously in the deltoid muscle of the shoulder or under the shoulder blade.
Vaccination against rubella for adult patients is done in cases of outbreaks of disease, during pregnancy and a low level of antibodies in the body (women). We are talking about antibodies produced initially transferred disease, or vaccines produced in childhood.
Antibody that allows the human body to resist infectious disease such as German measles, classified as IgM and IgG. Antibodies of class IgM to rubella virus, usually produced in the beginning of the second cycle of the disease. This type of antibodies allows the body to fight the disease.
Antibodies to rubella virus IgG class produced in the body after an illness or vaccination. They contribute to the confrontation of the organism to repeated infections.
In most cases, vaccination against rubella, tolerated by all categories of patients normally, no side effects. But, in some cases, it can cause adult patients of normal body reaction. The most common reaction to vaccination against such diseases as rubella, occurring in 8-10% of patients, is expressed in a slight swelling of the place of injection. This reaction is normal and should not cause concern. Edema, usually after one or two days passes.
Also, after the vaccination to diseases such as rubella, at 12-13 days after the procedure, patients may manifest a reaction in the form of slight deterioration of General health. So, in a certain number of patients (about 10-15%) after vaccine administration may occur
- the increase in body temperature (figure can reach to a level 39?C)
- sore throat and cough
- runny nose.
As mentioned above, described the reaction to the vaccine against rubella, develops after 12 to 14 days after vaccination. And takes place over several days. If it is started early, it indicates the development of infectious diseases in the human body, you must consult a doctor.
As a rule, the reaction of older patients to be vaccinated against rubella appears much sharper than in children. However, within a short period of time, it passes, but man, as a protection from illness, receives antibodies against rubella virus.