this disease is associated with progressive deafness, which occurs in many people with age. The disease is associated with degeneration of the cochlear nerve. Presbyacusis may predominate in mild, moderate and severe. A severe form often ends final deafness. Against this background, the disease can progress and other.
Among the main causes of presbyacusis it is possible to allocate
- genetic predisposition
- a structural violation of nerve endings, which are sent to the brain
- the damaging effects of sudden sounds, noise, and loud music.
Despite the fact that this state is planned, there are a number of pathogenic factors that can hasten its coming.
Such factors may include
- prolonged use of various medications
- the presence of the family relatives who are faced with the same problem
- cardiovascular disease (for example, poor blood circulation, hypertension, atherosclerosis, all forms).
The prevalence of the disease
The risk group also includes men and women aged 65 years and older. Unfortunately, with this disease to achieve the final recovery is impossible. Among 40-50-year-old hard of hearing 6% in people aged 50-60 years hearing impaired 25%, 60-70 years to 40%, and after 70 years at 50 %.
The main signs of the disease sounds seem less sharp and clear ringing in one or both ears the tinnitus difficulty understanding the interlocutor during a conversation by phone or in particularly noisy environments (e.g., outdoors near the road) marked loss of hearing high-pitched sounds (e.g. ringing of the telephone or birds singing) a feeling that the background sounds become louder and more annoying.
Diagnosis and treatment presbyacusis
For the diagnosis of this disease primarily used otoscopy is the procedure which includes examination of the external auditory canal and the eardrum with a special medical instrument. Then required to conduct such tests, Rinne test, Weber’s analysis, and audiometry. Only after such examinations, it is possible to make an accurate diagnosis and proceed to treatment of the disease.
This disease is a chronic disease, so the task of the specialist is to support the patient’s hearing, at least at a satisfactory level. For these purposes, use special hearing AIDS and assistive devices. The correct unit is the key to good hearing support.
If you suspect presbyacusis, you definitely need to consult an otolaryngologist. The best specialists you can find on the website
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