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Osteochondrosis

  1. The causes of osteochondrosis
  2. Symptoms of degenerative disc disease
  3. Treatment of degenerative disc disease
  4. Prevention of osteoarthritis


Osteochondrosis

a disease that affects articular cartilage. When this process breaks down the structure of the intervertebral discs that give the spine mobility and flexibility. If the disease progresses, the destruction occurs and in the vertebrae.

According to the statistics of modern society suffers from degenerative disc disease in 40 – 90% of cases. It is more common in people over 30 years, but the first symptoms may occur in adolescents. Osteochondrosis arises from the fact that a large part of the mechanical pressure stress falls on the intervertebral disc. The disc serves as a shock absorber, its structure is designed to absorb the load and keep flexibility of the spine. In osteochondrosis of the intervertebral space decreases and compress nerve roots, causing intense pain and discomfort.

Depending on the place of origin it is customary to distinguish the following types of osteochondrosis

  • osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can occur even at a young age due to sedentary work
  • osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral occurs because of a sedentary lifestyle in middle and old age
  • common low back pain – affects two or all regions of the spine simultaneously
  • osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, the most rare form of the disease, is not common.

Cervical degenerative disc disease occurs at a young age due to constant work at the computer. Most of the victims are office workers, truckers and athletes. Dimensions of the cervical vertebrae is much less than the vertebrae of other departments. Cervical is a dynamic, it is constantly loaded, as the need to hold the head. For such loads there is a degenerative disc disease, as it affects the most mobile region. Osteochondrosis of the cervical may experience frequent head and neck pain, limitation of movements of the tongue and tooth pain. Also with cervical osteochondrosis may lead to a sudden dizziness.

Lumbar degenerative disc disease arises from a sedentary lifestyle and aging. The function of the spine is to support the body in a vertical position, and the intervertebral discs absorb the load. The daily movement arise microtrauma to the intervertebral discs, which eventually leads to fraying and destruction. This process generates low back pain, causing a sharp pain in the lower back and back.

The causes of osteochondrosis

The spine need a reasonable load. He suffers from both a sedentary lifestyle and increased physical exercise. Among the main causes of osteochondrosis allocate

  • defects and injuries of the spine (posture, fractures)
  • heredity
  • Mature age
  • weight
  • increased load on the spine due to heavy work or sports
  • the influence of chemical substances
  • flat feet
  • viral diseases.

The risk factors of degenerative disc disease include an unbalanced diet, overweight, sedentary life, work at the computer and driving a car. These include factors such as increased physical activity and exercise in the gym, bad posture, cold, the constant wearing high heels, stress and Smoking.

Symptoms of degenerative disc disease

The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are the following

  • Pain in the spine. The pain may be dull and pulling, or strong, sharp and pronounced.
  • Increased fatigue during physical and mental work.
  • Decreased sensation in the hands, feet and other parts of the body, sensitivity to cold and numbness in the extremities.
  • Pain that radiates in the legs, in the nerve trunks.
  • Pain that radiates to the scapula, shoulder, neck and head.
  • The most common symptom of cervical degenerative disc disease are a constant headache, dizziness, sometimes loss of consciousness. Can quickly tire the eyes and decrease the quality of vision, flickering spots before eyes. There is pain and numbness in the hands, ringing and noise in ears.
  • In diseases of the lumbosacral can be observed violations of the reproductive system, sexual dysfunction. Women have difficulty conceiving and during pregnancy.

Treatment of degenerative disc disease

Treatment of degenerative disc disease includes drug therapy and non-pharmacological methods of recovery. The medication is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs relieve inflammation and pain. Severe pain patients are prescribed novocaine blockade and steroid drugs. For external use prescribed various ointments, gels and creams that relieve joint pain and soothe. To relieve muscle spasms used group of drugs muscle relaxants. In combination with these methods of therapy, the patient takes vitamins to improve metabolic processes in the spine.

Non-drug therapies may include physiotherapy, physiotherapy, massage and other methods. Physiotherapy and charging is a complex exercise which alleviates pressure on the nerve roots, correction of posture, developing a certain type of motion, strengthening of the muscular frame and eliminate recurrences. Thanks exercise improves metabolism and nutrition of the intervertebral discs accelerates the blood supply of the spine. The intervertebral space is increased, reducing the load on the spine in view of strengthening the muscular corset.

In the treatment of osteoarthritis are widely used physical therapy to relieve inflammation and pain electrophoresis, ultrasound, magnetic therapy and laser therapy. How to treat low back pain with a therapeutic massage? Therapeutic massage is an effective method of therapy based on mechanical effects on the patient’s body in the form of friction, stroking, and pressure using the hands

. This treatment accelerates blood circulation, relieves pain and fatigue in the muscles. Another treatment method of osteoarthritis is chiropractic, is aimed at relieving joint pain and restoring mobility in the spine, correction of posture with the help of special techniques, the massage therapist’s hands. With the traction on the special equipment removed the pain in the spine and increase the intervertebral space. Osteochondrosis can be used reflexology, which is an impact on the acupuncture points and reflex zones on the body of the patient.

Prevention of osteoarthritis

To prevent the onset of osteoarthritis or to prevent its recurrence, it is necessary to observe measures of prevention. First of all do not overload the spine and adjust the load to eliminate the pressure in the intervertebral discs. It is necessary to limit heavy lifting, avoid sudden movements, gently bend and follow the correct posture. To save the spine need to protect yourself from falls, bruises and injuries. The workplace should be equipped with the right Desk and chair. The right chair back supports your back and relieves tension.

To maintain the health and condition of the spine need to regularly do gymnastics or physical exercises that strengthen the muscle corset. Depending on the type of degenerative disc disease to do exercises to relieve pain and tension. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle in the office to take short breaks every hour. You should avoid cold and drafts. It is important to maintain a calm state, not to succumb to stress and feelings as spasms can occur due to mental overstrain. To help keep bones healthy and strong, you must leave your bad habits, follow a diet to enter into the diet of vitamins and nutrients.

Exercises with cervical osteochondrosis

To relieve tension in the neck muscles developed a special set of exercises that can be performed daily at home and at work. It is suitable for people with a diagnosis of chronic cervical degenerative disc disease and as a measure of prevention. They help to relax and strengthen neck muscles. All exercises should be done in a quiet pace, not to make any sudden movements. Acute pain should not exert himself and be careful.

Exercise 1. Tilt your head forward to touch the chin to the sternum. Tilt your head back. Turn your head to the right and to the left. Tilt your head sideways, first right then left so that his ear touched his shoulder. Perform each exercise 20-30 times, pausing for 2-3 seconds in the last movement.

Exercise 2. With this exercise you’ll be able to pull the neck. You need to concatenate your fingers behind your head, bring the elbows together, lower the chin on folded forearms. Hard to your fingers to rest against the back edge of the palm, high lift arm, together. Hold them in this position and stay for 10-15 seconds. You should breathe quietly and smoothly.

Exercise 3. Elbows positioned at your sides. Squeeze hands into the lock in front of chest. Straighten your arms and at the same time to turn the palms outwards. Breathing steady. Do exercise 8-10 times.

Exercise 4. Put your hands on your knees and close your eyes. Make a slow circular motion head to the left and to the right 2 times. Perform 4 series of approaches.

When you run this property, you should not feel neck pain and discomfort. If you have any discomfort, the exercise should stop.

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The degenerative disc disease is the gradual destruction of the tissues of the spine due to degenerative-dystrophic processes. The disease affects the intervertebral discs, vertebral bodies, articular surface and ligaments of the spine.


Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is the most common form of osteochondrosis. The disease is associated with a large load on the spine when walking and a sedentary lifestyle. Lumbar osteochondrosis is one of the first positions among the factors that cause disability and disability.