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Swollen lymph nodes in the neck

Swollen lymph nodes in the neck – is one of the consequences of a common cold or acute viral infection that affects the respiratory tract. Because of this, the lymph nodes in the neck become inflamed and increased in size. 

Let’s look at the reasons for the enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck, and methods for their treatment.

The reasons

Any respiratory bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract is accompanied by the inflammation of lymph nodes. Lymph nodes enlarge for a short period of time, but it can cause a lot of trouble. Enlargement of lymph nodes ranges from a small, barely perceptible size as a pea to a considerable size, which cannot be hidden – like lymph nodes the size of an egg.

Feeling pain during palpation, that is, when you touch the enlarged lymph nodes. If the lymph nodes are not greatly increased, the pain is not felt. Please note, that the more intense the infection process goes, the more painful is the palpation and the bigger are the lymph nodes.

The enlargement of lymph nodes is a dangerous disease. For instance, the hardened lymph nodes may develop into malignant growth. One can assess the danger of the lymph noTheIncreaseInLymphNodesdes by himself. If high temperature occurs during the illness, as well as headache and persistent tingling in the lymph nodes in the neck, you should immediately seek for a medical help.

Another sign of dangerous lymph nodes – is pain when swallowing. The higher the temperature, and the more discomfort during palpation of the neck, the greater is the likelihood that the lymph nodes are dangerous to your health.

The reasons for the enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck are always caused by some infectious bacterial diseases. To know exactly how to treat enlarged lymph nodes, it is necessary to understand the causes of their appearance and inflammation.

The reasons for the enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck:

  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Cancers (lymph node metastases), diseases of the connective tissue.
  • Alcohol addiction, or alcoholism.
  • Problems with the immune system.
  • Diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Angina or acute pharyngitis throat.
  • Fungal, bacterial, parasitic, viral infections, infectious diseases (infectious mononucleosis).

Ear inflammation also causes enlarged lymph nodes as well as various dental infections, inflammation of the mouth and throat. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck may indicate disease close to the neck organs and venereal diseases. In addition, the lymph nodes can become swollen due to the cat or rat scratches.

Symptoms of the enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck

Lymph nodes – are lymphatic tissue particles, that are located in the pocket of the connective tissue. Lymph nodes are located throughout the entire body and the lymphatic system. Lymph nodes are represented by so called connective filters with specific lymphatic fluid. The protective cells that detect and destroy cancer cells and bacteria are stored in lymph nodes.

Lymph nodes are very important for the immune system, as they are responsible for the fight against germs, viruses and other harmful substances that enter the body.

Symptoms of enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck are the following:

  • Heat.
  • bumps on the neck.
  • Lymph nodes swell and because of this it is difficult to swallow and speak.

Symptoms of enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck, usually occur due to extensive or local inflammation. But there are times when enlargement in lymph nodes is directly connected with cancer. Swollen, inflamed lymph nodes are called lymphadenopathy.

If you’ve had a cold, and diseases that affect the upper respiratory tract, the lymph nodes in the neck may be increased at a time, and then return to the normal form. It is very dangerous if the inflamed lymph node is on one side only. All of these can be signs of both serious infectious and non infectious diseases. Lymph nodes disease, and an enlargement of them in the neck, may also cause swelling of the tonsils, salivary glands, the parotid gland, the thyroid gland and lacrimal glands. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should immediately seek for medical attention.

The enlargement of lymph nodes in the back of the neck

Swollen lymph nodes in the back of the neck demonstrate inflammation processes in the body. So, swelling in the back of the neck may be connected with a cold, sore throat, tuberculosis, or acute pharyngitis. In addition, the enlargement of the lymph nodes in the back of the neck may serve as a sign of rubella, toxoplasmosis and other viral infections.

The main symptoms of the enlargement of lymph nodes in the back of the neck:

  • You can test the soft swelling on the neck that can be painful or do not bother at all.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, can talk about the cancer, which struck the lymph nodes in the neck.
  • The main symptom which accompanies the swollen lymph nodes in the neck is a cold.

It is impossible to avoid the enlargement of the lymph nodes, because you can not protect the body from all the germs, bacteria and infections. But the preventive measures will significantly reduce the risk of lymph node inflammation in the back of the neck.

Do not disregard the treatment of viral infections and bacterial diseases. Be sure to consult the doctor, if there appeared neck redness on the skin of the neck.

Follow the basic rules of hygiene: wash your hands, eat healthy food, avoid contact with people who are carriers of diseases.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of swollen lymph nodes in the neck begins with determination of the cause. Any process in the body that causes swelling of the tissues – is an inflammation. When lymph nodes inflame they increase in size. It is very easy to diagnose the inflammatory process thanks to enlarged lymph nodes. But sometimes, swollen lymph nodes are not associated with inflammatory processes. Therefore, it is necessary to diagnose the enlarged lymph nodes considering many other indications that may be a cause of this symptom.

In case of strongly marked or neglected enlargement of lymph nodes patients complain of constant pain in the affected area. Note that if the process of enlargement of lymph nodes passes very quickly and rapidly, it is possible to diagnose the cause of the disease. As a rule, it is a wound, which was affected by germs or infection that managed to reach the lymph nodes in the neck by lymphatic channels. If it is an acute inflammation of the lymph node, the response appears in the whole body:

  • High temperature.
  • Decreased appetite.
  • Chills.
  • General weakness and fatigue.
  • Headache.

When it comes to chronic inflammation of the lymph nodes, the above symptoms and the pain may be absent. The enlargement of lymph nodes is still dangerous because it can provoke irreversible degeneration of the cervical and submandibular lymph nodes.

Diagnosing these lymph nodes is very difficult, because they are painless and almost impalpable. Therefore, in order to get an accurate diagnosis, you need to seek for medical help. Only a doctor will be able to determine the cause of enlarged lymph nodes in the neck reliably and prescribe the necessary treatment.

What should you examine?

The lymph nodes

Lymph nodes and the immune system

Whose help do you need?

an immunologist

an infectiologist

Treatment of the swollen lymph nodes in the neck

  • Treatment of the swollen lymph nodes in the neck starts with the procedures and methods that help to relieve pain. It is also very important to determine the cause of the inflammation and swell of the lymph nodes in the neck. In this issue the following people might help you: an infectiologist, a surgeon and an oncologist. In general, treatment of the swollen lymph nodes in the neck is associated with many questions. Before the treatment, it is necessary to find out why the lymph nodes have inflamed. These problems might be solved with various methods of treatment.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck are responsible for ear diseases, diseases of the head and diseases associated with the respiratory system. The enlargement may be caused by dental infections.
  • The best cure that helps to fight swollen lymph nodes in the neck, is considered to be echinacea. Echinacea – is a plant that has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect on the affected area. The infusion of Echinacea needs to be mixed with boiled water. The approximate ratio is 10 drops of tincture per 100 grams of water. The infusion should be taken three times a day. Such a treatment of enlarged lymph nodes is mostly used for colds.
  • Another way to cure lymph nodes in the neck is to make compresses and rubbing. You will need some oil or camphor ointment. Oil is used for compresses and the ointment should be carefully rubbed into the affected area.
  • Please note that when one has swollen lymph nodes in the neck, it is better to abandon the use of creams and perfumes for a while. Since this can cause further inflammation.
  • The easiest method to relieve the pain in the lymph nodes – is to take a terry towel, soak it into hot water, wring it out well and attach it to the neck and to the enlarged lymph nodes. Keep the compress for no longer than 15 minutes.
  • A daily usage of vitamin C is able to return the enlarged lymph nodes in the usual form. Eat more vegetables and fruit, drink juices, especially orange juice.
  • It is strictly forbidden to make an iodine grid. Since it can cause severe inflammation of an already swallen lymph node.

The enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck is not a fatal diagnosis, but it is a disease that requires immediate treatment. No need to wait until the disease becomes irreversible, consult a doctor and take care of your health.
Author: Grifeli Daria Artemovna