Hepatits C is an infectious disease that affects human`s liver. It proceeds in acute or inveterate form and often results in cancer or cirrhosis. Near 80 % of patients with extensive-stage disease face to fatal case. Special danger is caused by namely asymptomatic inveterate form that the most complicated answers the medical treatment.
Hepatitis C causes high mortality rate mainly among juvenile age human. To prevent the contamination it is necessary to know the way of transmission of this disease.
Most of people diagnosed with Hepatitis C don’t know where and how did they get infected because of that health system nowadays pays attention to instruction of the rising generation about transmission of this disease.
Agent of Hepatitis C is specific virus that was discovered by scientists in the late eighties of the twentieth century. At that time it was already known such diseases as Hepatitis A and B. In practice all hepatitis’ cause inflammation process in liver which produces slowly destruction and dysfunction of organ. Disease which is caused with Hepatitis B is practically cureless but its contraction can be avoided with help of vaccination. Hepatitis C vaccine doesn’t exist but if the infection is found at the first months after contagion the expected response to treatment in 90 % cases is productive.
Hepatitis virus is transmitted specifically through blood. It exists also possibility of inflammation through unprotected sex with its agent but it isn’t high it is only 5 %.
The highest rate of Hepatitis C disease is in underdeveloped countries.
How is Hepatitis C transmitted?
The virus is transmitted through any manipulation with blood, in particular:
- through blood transfusion
- through using reusable syringe in the medicine or self-acting. Inflammation happens very often among drug takers, who use one syringe to inject in organism another drug dose.
- in beauty salon though permanent makeup, piercing, manicure and so on;
- in case of sharing with person living with Hepatitis C with body hygiene kits – tooth-brush or razor.
- through hemodialysis (procedure of blood toxins clearance)
- through dentistry
- by childbearing from mother to baby.
Most of up to date clinics including dental clinic is safety relative to Hepatitis inflammation because their staff use in their procedure only disposable syringes and the blood for transfusion is precise checked for existence in it of danger virus. Beauty and tattoo salons are a different story. Many of them engage in their activities illegal, conduct their procedures almost under unhygienic conditions and don’t guarantee their safety.
The highest rate of Hepatitis C infected is among drug-takers at the age of from 18 to 30 years old.
Symptoms of Hepatitis C
From the contagion to appearance of first signs of disease may pass enough much time. Hepatitis C latent period is from 2 weeks to 8-12 months. Disease often doesn’t come out in any symptoms. Liver pathology and alcoholism facilitate abrupt Hepatitis symptoms onset.
It is considered next first disease symptoms
- Rough performance decrement
- Chronic fatigue
- Rapid fatigability
- Skin pallor
- Imperceptible joint pain
Such symptoms are also definitive for different harmless sickness (vitamin deficiency) and for very danger mortiferous pathologies (cancer).
Hepatitis C rare comes amid low-grade fever that signals about abrupt inflammation process in organism, yellow plague and dysfunction GIT.
Hepatitis C treatment
Such liver disease is diagnosed with different blood tests and in capacity of addition it is in the use ultrasound investigation of abdominal cavity organs. Self-therapy as well as Hepatitis C folk medicine are unacceptable. Disease can cause development of life danger sequela because of that fact treatment of this disease can be entrusted only to professional-hepatologist.
In case of well-considered anti-viral therapy full recovery can be expected in 6-10 months. Hepatitis C treatment basis consists of such medication as ribavirin, interferon alfa, phosphogliv, pegitron. Some Anti-hepatitis medicine (Boceprevir) is very expensive and because of that it isn’t such wide-spreading.
The treatments with ribavirin (pills) and interferon (injection) are the most successful. Treatment course continues near 20 weeks. Medicine accurate dose is determined by the specialists. In case of low-dose medicine treatment doesn’t produce wishful results, in case of high-dose medicine rises possibility of development ghost effects, first of all anaemia.
By long-lasting Hepatitis C state (more than 20 years) in case of hard effect development for saving of patient’s life it is necessary to maintain liver transplantation. But even after successful procedure fulfilment exists the possibility of occasional disease nascency during first 5-7 years since transplantation. To prevent it patients take anti-viral therapy before operative intervention.
Organ transplantation is very serious and expensive procedure that it places on only in extreme case if there is patient’s life risk.
Hepatitis C diet
Liver takes active part in digestive processes. Inflamed organ can’t function in full measure as a result of it Hepatitis patients can feel such unpleasant effects as sickness, heaviness in stomach, epigastric burning. To prevent these symptoms and to reduce stress on ill organ it is necessary to be on a specific diet.
It is recommended for Hepatitis C patients to eat/drink following products:
- All kinds of raw or boiled vegetables;
- Nonfat meat, fish;
- Milk and its derivatives;
- Rice, buckwheat and another cereal porridge and soup;
- Sunflowerseed oil;
- Green tea.
It is forbidden to eat/drink following products:
- Fat meat, fish;
- Hot spices;
- Smoked, pickled, marinaded products;
- Coffee, black tea.
It is recommended to be on a diet during all treatment time even in the absence of disease symptoms.
It is recommended to people who deal with human blood to be vaccinated. For example, medicine workers. If the virus is already in the organism, patient shouldn’t to be vaccinated. Hepatitis vaccine for babies in Russian and some another countries is obligatory. In practice such action is incompletely justified.
The greatest risk for baby of being infected is during its birth if its mother was Hepatitis positive in pregnancy. The possibility for baby to be infected in another way by workers of medical hospital is more an exception from the rule. Vaccine validity is up to 5 years. It says that people should be vaccinated regularly and it’s better to do at the age of reason.
Author: Grifeli Daria Artemovna